<xmp id="iacku">
  • <xmp id="iacku"><menu id="iacku"></menu>
  • 當前位置:主頁 > 歷史戰爭 >

    《晚清七十年》太平天國運動造成的死亡人數權威數據

    類別:歷史戰爭 | 來自:未知 | 發布時間:2018-04-28 | 人氣值:
      有一本書叫做《晚清七十年》,其中太平天國部分的開頭有一段話很醒目,也很沉痛。書中說:“時至晚清,改朝換代的周期已屆,政府的統治大機器徹底銹爛,社會也百病叢生。廣東洪秀全,一個典型“三家村”土塾師,科場失意,轉以‘拜上帝會’之名,于廣西聚眾起事,企圖建立一個夢想中的‘小天堂’。一群狂熱信徒被逼上梁山,化宗教信仰為政治力量,終至釀成死人無數的‘太平天國’大悲劇。”書中用“死人無數”來形容這場大悲劇,但沒有說究竟死了多少人。
      蘇南地區,往往二三十里,不見居民,有的地方人口僅存五分之一。  
      浙江省,一片劫灰,道殣相望,昔日溫飽之家,大半成為餓殍。  
      安徽省,皖南“野無耕種,村無炊煙,市人肉以相食”;皖北“但有黃篙白骨,并無居民市鎮,竟日不見一人”。  
      江西省,數百里“不聞雞犬聲,惟見餓民僵斃于道”。 
      在這場大悲劇中,究竟死了多少人,至今仍是個謎。1883年,一個美國傳教士稱:太平天國戰爭造成中國人口的損失為5000萬。而當時的美國駐華公使柔克義則估計太平天國戰爭導致的人口死亡數為2000萬。這是當時在中國的外國人所作的估算,沒有多少事實依據。中國當代人口史學者在確鑿的史料基礎上,對此進行了重新估算,形成了兩種意見:第一種意見根據太平天國前后《戶部清冊》所載的戶口數,認為從1851年到1864年中國人口銳減40%,絕對損失數量達1.6億;第二種意見則將戰前的人口數據與1911年宣統人口普查資料進行對比研究,認為太平天國戰爭僅給江蘇、安徽、浙江、江西、湖北五省直接造成的過量死亡人口就至少達到5400萬,如果再考慮到其它戰場湖南、廣西、福建、四川等省的人口損失,那么太平天國戰爭給中國帶來的人口損失至少在1億以上,直接造成的過量死亡人口達7000萬。 
      不管以上哪種估算成立,太平天國戰爭都不僅僅是中國歷史上空前的浩劫,而且也是全人類歷史上最殘酷的戰爭,因為第二次世界大戰也僅造成了5000萬的過量死亡。
    圖片素材
    熱門圖文
    卓易彩票 www.547099.com | www.375990.com | www.3479v.com | www.77114k.com | www.840774.com | www.zch2.com | www.c9667.com | www.983jc.com | www.77802t.com | www.055973.com | www.340477.com | www.hcw266.com | www.218291.com | www.550247.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.340911.com | www.60123j.com | www.003963.com | www.60007w.com | www.3416t.com | www.819847.com | www.398518.com | www.040416.com | www.21202w.com | www.50054r.com | www.76520d.com | www.80075f.com | www.50732w.com | www.50788c.com | www.hr5888.com | www.603294.com | www.662182.com | www.560121.com | www.53900o.com | www.9818z.cc | www.663by.com | www.cszb6.com | www.573898.com | www.108097.com | www.16878m.com | www.8039k.com | www.cb2188.com | www.599647.com | www.151706.com | www.8499w.com | www.568565.com | www.87668z.com | www.66710.cc | www.506739.com | www.178651.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.44qxc.com | www.yi432.com | www.111505.com | www.66ffb.com | www.114149.com | www.3126g.com | www.349077.com | www.9889hc.com | www.713799.com | www.81520c.com | www.008ac.com | www.331616.com | www.61040.cc | www.119705.com | www.ztc7.com | www.66652l.com | www.hx1113.com | www.33997r.com | www.02czj.com | www.53900q.com | www.808399.com | www.33598c.com | www.890517.com | www.80065q.com | www.933709.com | www.49956j.com | www.445888a.com | www.217650.com | www.318548.com | www.07163p.com | www.540377.com | www.107ak.com | www.50080m.com | www.541811.com | www.hm7388.com | www.07163q.com | www.053552.com | www.730124.com | www.66fft.com | www.33112f.com | www.514611.com | www.hf0866.com | www.50080b.com | www.097037.com | www.620239.com | www.caim2.com | www.3890p.com | www.50054g.com | www.303476.com | www.092wy.com | www.35155k.com | www.35918e.com | www.202427.com | www.621477.com | www.c6881.com | www.664by.com | www.50732c.com | www.12455n.com | www.137103.com | www.550374.com | www.745855.com | www.5441y.com | www.33588c.com | www.61233i.com | www.196807.com | www.450689.com | www.c1336.com | www.067wy.com | www.8039l.com | www.cll168.com | www.15355l.com | www.71233c.com | www.32123r.com | www.12455v.com | www.34788b.com | www.29277p.com | www.99788l.com | www.87668r.com | www.80065k.com | www.99638g.com | www.81520b.com | www.77114k.com | www.35155t.com | www.33588k.com | www.9818k.cc | www.kc56.com | www.qmkl2.com | www.914901.com | www.5484f.com | www.930xj.com | www.9889hc.com | www.9dwj.com | www.730979.com | www.401281.com | www.442428.com | www.275780.com | www.027079.com | www.34788d.com | www.39546.com | www.3479o.com | www.063wy.com | www.w725.com | www.381772.com | www.fh7557.com | www.12455s.com | www.097wy.com | www.764499.com | www.353990.com | www.97655m.com | www.25688f.com | www.9478h.com | www.cp7836.com | www.599309.com | www.80075s.com | www.224066.com | www.745899.com | www.178167.com | www.21202j.com | www.7782o.com | www.ybao4.com | www.665879.com | www.332930.com | www.39500v.com | www.3479g.com | www.661929.com | www.101125.com | www.9155d.com | www.910576.com | www.235892.com | www.50054c.com | www.7793f.com | www.901372.com | www.325477.com | www.16878t.com | www.cpyz1.com | www.163770.com | www.917gc.com | www.605733.com | www.16878r.com | www.900248.com | www.091181.com | www.5095f.com | www.488018.com | www.50054z.com | www.810277.com | www.84499p.com | www.909375.com | www.62118f.com | www.15czj.com | www.182498.com | www.6364v.com | www.536350.com | www.12455x.com | www.701495.com | www.81520x.com | www.766352.com | www.49956g.com | www.550247.com | www.6364n.com | www.221836.com | www.10czj.com | www.80075r.com | www.cp8004.cc | www.52072q.com | www.937160.com | www.97655s.com | www.517844.com | www.267by.com | www.86267q.com | www.983699.com | www.66332j.com | www.338017.com | www.qucp3.com | www.60123z.com | www.374311.com | www.44ckb.com | www.29277p.com | www.456639.com | www.c1968.com | www.15355h.com | www.xinyc1.com | www.zg39.com | www.2109v.com | www.73166g.com | www.551412.com | www.53wcp.com | www.59191.cc | www.77803x.com | www.254499.com | www.ya022.com | www.80065c.com | www.175906.com | www.818797.com | www.14czj.com | www.00840h.com | www.80065j.com | www.596081.com | www.cp702.vip | www.5091v.com | www.50024s.com | www.xinyc1.com | www.685756.com | www.ya248.com | www.15355f.com | www.99677h.com | www.68568z.com | www.206991.com | www.507633.com | www.786126.com | www.gu64.com | www.c1396.com | www.chi32.com | www.3478b.cc | www.917gc.com | www.7782p.com | www.41518y.com | www.83033n.com | www.50080c.com | www.77114s.com | www.009321.com | www.96386p.com | www.025079.com | www.109317.com | www.083016.com | www.108382.com | www.97655n.com | www.89894q.com | www.89894p.com | www.76520b.com | www.50054q.com | www.00840l.com | www.86267g.com | www.61233s.com | www.35155y.com | www.3890i.com | www.3890y.com | www.878zf.com | www.2350l.com | www.222xm.cc | www.677879.com | www.399160.com | www.082709.com | www.49956x.com | www.66653d.com | www.8039f.com | www.ycp4.com | www.621411.com | www.390675.com | www.047788.com | www.50051m.com | www.8667r.com | www.hc2388.com | www.607212.com | www.88266o.com | www.86267w.com | www.676zf.com | www.hm3988.com | www.679955.com | www.221836.com | www.35918j.com | www.5484g.com | www.980158.com | www.550241.com | www.65707r.com | www.6364m.com | www.909375.com | www.367137.com | www.96386y.com | www.0014w.com | www.909375.com | www.109615.com | www.26163n.com | www.cp5658.cc | www.316106.com | www.50732w.com | www.158cp.com | www.540977.com | www.89894h.com | www.zc35.com | www.66332e.com | www.959zf.com | www.450689.com | www.71399t.com | www.hf5885.com | www.186126.com | www.2632w.com | www.547677.com | www.60108s.com | www.685756.com | www.99788s.com | www.923076.com | www.71233h.com | www.063wy.com | www.290252.com | www.15199.cc | www.236844.com | www.0014h.com | www.362322.com | www.8816y.com | www.le33.cc | www.33997z.com | www.599831.com | www.66069.cc | www.309831.com | www.9889hc.com | www.83993g.com | www.igcp3.com | www.55228d.com | www.ch8966.com | www.60108j.com | www.897967.com | www.50026m.com | www.540477.com | www.664by.com | www.88065d.com | www.848966.com | www.77802x.com | www.390006.com | www.csgc8.com | www.60007b.com | www.389233.com | www.ascp9.com | www.61655f.com | www.296380.com | www.858899a.com | www.37022.cc | www.29277w.com | www.544093.com | www.55qxc.com | www.77803c.com | www.009275.com | www.589467.com | www.uucp300.com | www.73736d.com | www.020724.com | www.630137.com | www.qml7.com | www.3126y.com | www.09500w.com | www.303766.com | www.599830.com | www.c4532.com | www.9205a.com | www.33588r.com | www.319826.com | www.689144.com | www.cp718.net | www.959zf.com | www.50069.com | www.99788r.com | www.86267t.com | www.djcp004.com | www.707602.com | www.df39.com | www.hr6888.com | www.u936.com | www.fcff8.com | www.679by.com | www.5095k.com | www.12455l.com | www.99677t.com | www.35918y.com | www.97655m.com | www.221375.com | www.335324.com | www.540707.com | www.502433.com | www.585751.com | www.609717.com | www.584211.com | www.599464.com | www.595953.com | www.583877.com | www.546669.com | www.509433.com | www.342977.com | www.311414.com | www.316686.com | www.175902.com | www.025728.com | www.68689s.com | www.41518m.com | www.15355a.com | www.68568n.com | www.61500.cc | www.078wy.com | www.c1350.com | www.693930.com | www.526820.com | www.230961.com | www.81678x.com | www.35918q.com | www.50051x.com | www.2109r.com | www.ch8234.com | www.622105.com | www.178397.com | www.41518t.com | www.7793h.com | www.cp3136.com | www.589056.com | www.187513.com | www.43131e.com | www.8499o.com | www.318548.com | www.526820.com | www.50074f.com | www.8667g.com | www.939809.com | www.257233.com | www.89894n.com | www.19kpl.com | www.575872.com | www.53900b.com | www.50051z.com | www.946277.com | www.330872.com | www.81520n.com | www.gai40.com | www.330985.com | www.54400j.com | www.967333.com | www.202340.com | www.39500t.com | www.921677.com | www.202370.com | www.34788d.com | www.786251.com | www.50054a.com | www.flff2.com | www.101156.com | www.1035t.com | www.543122.com | www.61655j.com | www.786819.com | www.15355u.com | www.903212.com | www.66376h.com | www.58fcw.com | www.105180.com | www.88yfa.com | www.168339.com | www.104ak.com | www.005710.com | www.fyyy3.com | www.71399j.com | www.jx68.com | www.12455m.com | www.754918.com | www.84499w.com | www.691063.com | www.50064g.com | www.luck808.com | www.9818.cc | www.178612.com | www.hj9798.com | www.43131p.com | www.621481.com | www.3005.am | www.97655k.com | www.919588.com | www.55885n.com | www.372411.com | www.czg1.com | www.80767z.com | www.547177.com | www.okw4.com | www.50064g.com | www.175901.com | www.860836.com | www.15355b.com | www.033916.com | www.rcw8899.com | www.35918z.com | www.035079.com | www.718322.com | www.111xm.cc | www.60108z.com | www.101136.com | www.658997.com | www.5666hc.com | www.99968z.com | www.178571.com | www.653192.com | www.hong663.com | www.77802b.com | www.dcw345.com | www.599424.com | www.994948.com | www.9889hc.com | www.71233y.com | www.77803i.com | www.236380.com | www.670369.com | www.hy0038.com | www.350zf.com | www.50080k.com | www.50788g.com | www.099836.com | www.354611.com | www.609812.com | www.900406.com | www.ac9922.com | www.hw52.com | www.ya013.com | www.055m.cc | www.3126x.com | www.679by.com | www.7782g.com | www.89939.cc | www.26878d.com | www.50052q.com | www.61233k.com | www.71233h.com | www.83993c.com | www.80065z.com | www.80065g.com | www.73736c.com | www.55228f.com | www.35918f.com | www.54591.com | www.55220.com | www.3890i.com | www.528qx.com | www.063wy.com | www.0ttz.com | www.959581.com | www.868422.com | www.833585.com | www.799436.com | www.578411.com | www.501237.com | www.338081.com | www.106295.com | www.54400x.com | www.15355f.com | www.57022.cc | www.sygj9.com | www.911710.com | www.730265.com | www.lcw997.com | www.68689s.com | www.54400n.com | www.2632b.com | www.qmkl6.com | www.679313.com | www.xinyc8.com | www.61655q.com | www.77802x.com | www.757zf.com | www.862422.com | www.369073.com | www.60108q.com | www.12015.cc | www.921677.com | www.501324.com | www.50080a.com | www.5854l.cc | www.916733.com | www.394511.com | www.41518x.com | www.3890f.com | www.866269.com | www.299850.com | www.81520s.com | www.qbwc6.com | www.431506.com | www.43818x.com | www.5666hc.com | www.572102.com | www.33358c.com | www.00ac.com | www.332092.com | www.53900q.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.96386t.com | www.1368e.cc | www.505680.com | www.99001r.com | www.318548.com | www.303766.com | www.8816t.com | www.593411.com | www.78949z.com | www.891477.com | www.86267z.com | www.33czt.com | www.55djcp.com | www.3005w.com | www.361944.com | www.50048.com | www.565516.com | www.50052m.com | www.591017.com | www.54400s.com | www.599476.com | www.26163j.com | www.536678.com | www.12455b.com | www.424221.com | www.7782i.com | www.325477.com | www.022tw.cc | www.87668m.com | www.c6002.com | www.60007s.com | www.855765.com | www.81520k.com | www.584511.com | www.2875u.com | www.177806.com | www.ascp0.com | www.29277r.com | www.632590.com | www.3890e.com | www.91233b.com | www.cc6769.com | www.78700n.com | www.505507.com | www.288hc.com | www.41518s.com | www.589744.com | www.055s.cc | www.43131b.com | www.631069.com | www.2588cai.com | www.66653t.com | www.631799.com | www.5799.cc | www.32123c.com | www.355264.com | www.hy5155.com | www.50052p.com | www.025069.com | www.fh7557.com | www.07hc.com | www.35918x.com | www.89894x.com | www.551416.com | www.c609.vip | www.8499z.com | www.29277t.com | www.136025.com | www.627212.com | www.hld22.com | www.8499j.com | www.15355o.com | www.99638i.com | www.540977.com | www.901021.com | www.073wy.com | www.49956z.com | www.77802a.com | www.401269.com | www.768656.com | www.982570.com | www.35czj.com | www.3933e.cc | www.29277w.com | www.87668l.com | www.50052b.com | www.81678u.com | www.xinyc3.com | www.297126.com | www.399230.com | www.576679.com | www.818797.com | www.938518.com | www.960207.com | www.588088a.com | www.df76.com | www.hm2299.com | www.hcjt2.com | www.zfcp6.com | www.913gc.com | www.099wy.com | www.288hc.com | www.959zf.com | www.022s.cc | www.78wcp.com | www.662by.com | www.878zf.com | www.39cp.cc | www.ybao2.com | www.ct8855.com | www.978127.com | www.937816.com | www.826552.com | www.645411.com | www.504638.com | www.379969.com | www.liuguan000.com | www.101156.com | www.61233p.com | www.29178h.com | www.50732y.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.973320.com | www.771745.com | www.527477.com | www.178157.com | www.65707s.com | www.55885l.com | www.500pt.com | www.964977.com | www.599464.com | www.188737.com | www.43818k.com | www.43818.com | www.hc5859.com | www.612210.com | www.202909.com | www.21202n.com | www.2632g.com | www.909644.com | www.346011.com | www.60108f.com | www.8839e.com | www.936570.com | www.348177.com | www.08588r.com | www.8000hc.com | www.763226.com | www.160951.com | www.61233n.com | www.hx6611.com | www.426667.com | www.26299g.com | www.662by.com | www.562509.com | www.50026k.com | www.096wy.com | www.530255.com | www.50732s.com | www.55fzc.com | www.401281.com | www.97655d.com | www.hy6933.com | www.332750.com | www.41518q.com | www.912339.com | www.77802y.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.367137.com | www.29277p.com | www.658770.com | www.25688f.com | www.998924.com | www.84499e.com | www.622by.com | www.332071.com | www.64700.com | www.586960.com | www.77802j.com | www.710230.com | www.77114x.com | www.1035g.com | www.424223.com | www.9149b.com | www.526650.com | www.81455.com | www.529106.com | www.33358c.com | www.607995.com | www.96386t.com | www.730678.com | www.60123l.com | www.599474.com | www.00840t.com | www.351587.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.290282.com | www.rrle5.com | www.66332c.com | www.955474.com | www.81520c.com | www.590979.com | www.2373a.com | www.90305e.com | www.924177.com | www.50026w.com | www.320055.com | www.fo62.com | www.96386j.com | www.387708.com | www.gen08.com | www.36166g.com | www.589196.com | www.002ac.com | www.52303v.com | www.653436.com | www.055m.cc | www.33588u.com | www.461113.com | www.hx1113.com | www.50054m.com | www.117809.com | www.763287.com | www.2875g.com | www.21202f.com | www.307683.com | www.927793.com | www.5086x.com | www.43818e.com | www.330715.com | www.luck808.com | www.2350w.com | www.81520r.com | www.113669.com | www.622105.com | www.csgc8.com | www.9155g.com | www.49956g.com | www.196051.com | www.665991.com | www.c5615.com | www.2632c.com | www.68689g.com | www.88266s.com | www.451770.com | www.88djcp.com | www.hx1114.com | www.528qx.com | www.33598d.com | www.26878e.com | www.018581.com | www.345839.com | www.599416.com | www.802133.com | www.akw0.com | www.9889hc.com | www.8667u.com | www.60108f.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.61233v.com | www.86267n.com | www.172346.com | www.230966.com | www.320992.com | www.361560.com | www.407872.com | www.495770.com | www.le33.cc | www.515049.com | www.520935.com | www.517411.com | www.550241.com | www.536180.com | www.439863.com | www.351871.com | www.236002.com | www.197560.com | www.188926.com | www.108095.com | www.81678n.com | www.81520w.com | www.61655t.com | www.29277d.com | www.61655j.com | www.81520.com | www.3126c.com | www.5dwj.com | www.976981.com | www.755910.com | www.541911.com | www.223085.com | www.81233q.com | www.50732c.com | www.60007x.com | www.3668o.com | www.88cmc.com | www.912156.com | www.577983.com | www.235127.com | www.71233u.com | www.71233m.com | www.1035i.com | www.122888a.com | www.602957.com | www.151706.com | www.00665e.com | www.9149h.com | www.c6386.com | www.664628.com | www.234397.com | www.50051n.com | www.5578w.com | www.hj2111.com | www.596702.com | www.91233y.com | www.60007c.com | www.qmfc6.com | www.568565.com | www.77801p.com | www.26878l.com | www.979500.com | www.390675.com | www.16878f.com | www.069wy.com | www.560935.com | www.50064u.com | www.2373n.com | www.627797.com | www.73166f.com | www.5091b.com | www.730719.com | www.73736b.com | www.9889hc.com | www.58gc8.com | www.43131d.com | www.084wy.com | www.503489.com | www.80075w.com | www.54968f.com | www.83033c.com | www.588yc.com | www.448910.com | www.66332d.com | www.865820.com | www.60007o.com | www.akw4.com | www.097067.com | www.983jc.com | www.384077.com | www.26299l.com | www.xinyc5.com | www.81520h.com | www.808712.com | www.33598e.com | www.912269.com | www.34788s.com | www.901397.com | www.26163s.com | www.793990.com | www.77802w.com | www.689253.com | www.61233f.com | www.583792.com | www.15259.cc | www.332750.com | www.3126l.com | www.229958.com | www.072wy.com | www.96386v.com | www.hm2277.com | www.35155q.com | www.755016.com | www.07163z.com | www.309939.com | www.44tdc.com | www.60108w.com | www.861099.com | www.34788g.com | www.322424.com | www.ban02.com | www.33598d.com | www.607315.com | www.5666hc.com | www.68568p.com | www.718568.com | www.3126w.com | www.68689t.com | www.771645.com | www.3416q.com | www.61655u.com | www.607316.com | www.060wy.com | www.00840o.com | www.367562.com | www.df39.com | www.60123q.com | www.202812.com | www.896846.com | www.7793n.com | www.50732h.com | www.444801.com | www.978167.com | www.8499d.com | www.50732j.com | www.399150.com | www.973320.com | www.6364w.com | www.34788m.com | www.346311.com | www.799417.com | www.fo54.com | www.08299.com | www.33997h.com | www.178652.com | www.606297.com | www.c4530.com | www.5086r.com | www.bxcp3.com | www.81678o.com | www.355294.com | www.674577.com | www.986420.com | www.885pz.com | www.61655n.com | www.50732w.com | www.106276.com | www.388945.com | www.rcw789.com | www.971291.com | www.5xgf.com | www.657zf.com | www.5441d.com | www.26878c.com | www.66376x.com | www.07163p.com | www.49956d.com | www.66652o.com | www.86267y.com | www.081306.com | www.271901.com | www.452801.com | www.526021.com | www.550154.com | www.550436.com | www.596233.com | www.558363.com | www.554313.com | www.564658.com | www.541638.com | www.514977.com | www.376513.com | www.234397.com | www.108382.com | www.77802g.com |