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    雍正登創建了什么特務機構

    類別:歷史故事 | 來自:網絡整理 | 發布時間:2018-11-15 | 人氣值:


      中國古代皇帝高居廟堂,雖然說是一國之主,對百姓擁有生殺大權。但實際上國土那么廣,皇帝又不會分身術,便也有很多地方顧及不到。一些官員在任地說一不二,這不就有了“土皇帝”的說法嗎。

      皇帝也知道自己不可能萬事皆知,但為了鞏固自己的權利,怎么也得想想辦法。就這樣出現了監督的官員,特務機構等。

      中國古代特務政治最嚴重的時期非明朝莫屬,錦衣衛、東廠、西廠、內行廠,四大特務機構,一個比一個權利更大,一個比一個危害更大。這四個機構,沒有哪個不是鮮血染地,累累白骨的。

      明之后的清,大家好像沒聽過有特務機構。實際上清朝是有特務機構的,只是存在時間短,并不為人所熟知罷了。

      中國君主專制制度達到頂峰的標志,便是清朝雍正時期設立軍機處。而實際上為加強中央集權,雍正帝可不止成立了這一個機構。

      雍正帝還設立了一個特務機構,名叫粘桿處。粘桿處最早其實作用正如它名一樣直白,就純粹為了粘蟬捉蜻蜒的。

      

    雍正登創建了什么特務機構

    雍正帝還是皇子的時候出宮居住,分到的府邸植物茂盛,樹木高大且枝葉繁茂。雖然夏日好乘涼,但也有另一個缺點,那就是總有許多蟬藏在枝葉中。

     

      白日黑夜,叫聲不斷,實在擾人清靜,惹人心煩。胤禛不堪其擾,就命家丁拿著粘桿為其捕捉蟬蟲。

      后來太子胤礽兩度被廢,胤禛進封雍親王,儲位之爭進入白熱化階段。胤禛表面上對皇位不動聲色,其實暗地里早就開始一步步布局,爭奪儲君之位。

      為了增強自己的權勢,也為了鏟除對手的勢力,胤禛招募江湖高手,組成了一支專門為他打探情報的隊伍。為了掩人耳目,賦予的是家丁的身份。胤禛登基之后,才正式成為機構,歸屬內務府,稱“粘桿處”,首領為“粘桿侍衛”。

      很多人就奇怪了,“粘桿處”這個名字有什么可怕的?粘桿處正式的名字是尚虞備用處?,還有另一個別名“血滴子”。

      血滴子在很多武俠小說中,是取人性命的利器。血滴子飛過,專取人頭。這個別名與“粘桿處”契合無比。

      作為雍正帝專設的特務機構,粘桿處的成員多是潛邸舊人,雍正帝的心腹,只對雍正帝負責。他們為雍正帝監督國家上下大臣,緝拿大臣。被粘桿處盯上,可不就如血滴子懸在腦袋上,隨時取你人頭差不多嗎。

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